We provide a comprehensive characterization of band codes (BC) as a resilient-by-design solution to pollution attacks in network coding (NC)-based peer-to-peer live video streaming. Consider one malicious node injecting bogus coded packets into the network: the recombinations at the nodes generate an avalanche of novel coded bogus packets. Therefore, the malicious node can cripple the communication by injecting into the network only a handful of polluted packets. Pollution attacks are typically addressed by identifying and isolating the malicious nodes from the network. Pollution detection is, however, not straightforward in NC as the nodes exchange coded packets. Similarly, malicious nodes identification is complicated by the ambiguity between malicious nodes and nodes that have involuntarily relayed polluted packets. This paper addresses pollution attacks through a radically different approach which relies on BCs. BCs are a family of rateless codes originally designed for controlling the NC decoding complexity in mobile applications. Here, we exploit BCs for the totally different purpose of recombining the packets at the nodes so to avoid that the pollution propagates by adaptively adjusting the coding parameters. Our streaming experiments show that BCs curb the propagation of the pollution and restore the quality of the distributed video stream.
Characterization of Band Codes for Pollution-Resilient Peer-to-Peer Video Streaming / Attilio, Fiandrotti; Rossano, Gaeta; Marco, Grangetto. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MULTIMEDIA. - ISSN 1520-9210. - STAMPA. - 18:6(2016), pp. 1138-1148. [10.1109/TMM.2016.2535781]
|Titolo:||Characterization of Band Codes for Pollution-Resilient Peer-to-Peer Video Streaming|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMM.2016.2535781|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|