The research purpose was to quantify the co-contraction patterns of quadriceps femoris (QF) vs. hamstring muscles during free walking, in terms of variability of onset-offset muscular activation and occurrence frequency. Statistical Gait Analysis was performed on surface-EMG signals from vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF), and medial hamstrings (MH), in 16315 strides walked by 30 healthy young adults. Results showed full superimpositions of MH with both VL and RF activity from terminal swing, 80 to 100% of gait cycle (GC), to the successive loading response (≈0-15% of GC), in around 90% of the considered strides. A further superimposition was detected during the push-off phase both between VL and MH activation intervals (38.6±12.8% to 44.1±9.6 % of GC) in 21.9±13.6% of strides, and between RF and MH activation intervals (45.9±5.3% to 50.7±9.7 of GC) in 32.7±15.1% of strides. These findings led to identify three different co-contractions among QF and hamstring muscles during able-bodied walking: in early stance, in push-off and during swing. This study represents the first attempt for developing a ‘‘normality’’ reference frame for QF/MH co-contractions, able to include the physiological variability of the phenomenon.
|Titolo:||Surface-EMG analysis for the quantification of thigh muscle dynamic co-contractions during normal gait|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.11.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|