The rheological properties of concrete and pre-stressing steel have a significant influence on the deformation and pre-stress losses of p.c. members and thus affect their long-term deflection and service behaviour. Long-span concrete bridge girders can be particularly sensitive to pre-stress losses as the dead load is large compared to the total load. Some observations of excessive long-term deflections have been made of long-span pre-stressed concrete box girder bridges over the last few years. This has led some researchers to question the reliability of the available theoretical models to provide correct long-term predictions. The main results of experimental tests conducted on 9 concrete bridge box-girders with a span of 35. m are presented in this work. The girders, which were part of an Italian motorway bridge dismantled after 40. years of service life, were tested up to failure with a specially built test frame. The mean deformation measured over five zones of each beam allowed the effective stress in the pre-stressing tendons to be evaluated for a total of 45 zones. Finally, the experimental data have been compared with theoretical predictions obtained by applying both the rules of an international standard (Eurocode 2) and a refined analytical model that takes into account the presence of two types of concrete with different properties as well as the various stages of the construction and pre-stressing.
|Titolo:||Experimental analysis of the effective pre-stress in large-span bridge box girders after 40 years of service life|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.engstruct.2014.01.021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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