Oxygen vacancies in ZnO crystals have significant impacts on its properties and applications. On the basis of ab initio results, we describe the oxygen vacancy distribution and diffusion paths away from the ZnO(1 100) surface, aiming to elucidate thermodynamics and kinetic stability of the vacancies and a possible control mechanism. In view of defect engineering and sensor applications, we propose efficient routes to chemically control the equilibrium concentration of the oxygen vacancies at ZnO surfaces by exposure to specific reactive gases: we show that the oxygen vacancy concentration can be increased using sulfur oxide as post-growth treatment, while under exposure to ozone, no significant amount of oxygen vacancies can be sustained on the surface.
|Titolo:||Tailoring oxygen vacancies at ZnO( 11¯00) surface: An ab initio study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1063/1.4962861|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|