In this paper demand side management (DSM), characterized by shifting techniques, is applied to a residen- tial microgrid. It is supposed that the microgrid is managed by a prosumer, a decision maker who manages distrib- uted energy sources, storage units, ICT elements, and loads involved in the grid. DSM is considered as an integral part of the optimal economic short-term management problem such that the allocation of shiftable loads is treated as a vari- able must be determined simultaneously with all the others variables (i.e. energy exchange with the main grid, inter- nal production, charge/discharge of electrical storage units). This paper focuses on the formulation of an economic model including functional links between shiftable and shifted loads properlylinked. Theobjectivefunctionis theminimizationof the operation energy costs. The model is implemented using IBM ILOG CPLEX an optimization programming language solver. The analysis shows how the variable allocation of shiftable loads is related to the other variables and how all the variables are linked (directly or indirectly) to the energy price and to the other parameters typical of shiftable energy devices. Moreover, the model allows to easily perform sen- sitivity analyses by varying the parameters considered. For instance, transitioning from the pre-shift to post-shift state, an improvement of the economic objective corresponds to an enhancement in the utility load profile. A sensitivity analy- sis is carried out by varying the maximum amount of power exchanged with the main grid. Results provide useful infor- mation to find a compromise between connecting interests. Numerical results are presented and discussed.
|Titolo:||Optimal Operation of a Residential Microgrid: The Role of Demand Side Management|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s40903-015-0012-y|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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