tAverage Rectified Value (ARV) and Root Mean Square (RMS) are amplitude indicators commonly usedin the field of EMG either in time or space. These two indicators are compared (a) analytically for a onedimensional sinusoid, sum of sinusoids, two dimensional sinusoids, and (b) numerically by simulating ahigh density detection system, sampling in space the distribution of propagating surface action potentialsgenerated by a muscle motor unit (MU). For any signal sampled above the Nyquist frequency the esti-mated RMS does not depend on the sampling rate while the estimated ARV does. The surface potentialis often sampled in space below the Nyquist frequency, by high density surface EMG detection systems(HDsEMG), generating aliasing in space. For point-like electrodes, the lowest spatial sampling frequencycorresponding to the largest inter-electrode distance (IED), which avoids spatial aliasing for a simulatedMU action potential, is 100 samples/m (IED = 10 mm). Therefore, IEDs below this value are recommendedfor measurements of EMG image features. From the theoretical point of view, the spatial RMS of sEMGimages is more robust than the ARV with respect to the IED and should be preferred.
|Titolo:||Amplitude indicators and spatial aliasing in high density surface electromyography recordings.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bspc.2015.07.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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