In the recent years, as aesthetic criteria are predominant over structural criteria and the knowledge of stone materials is considered negligible, sometimes a stone is used on a building façade that, after a fewyears, shows structural problems. Decreasing decay resistance, in fact, can show itself by means of evident signals such as fractures and bowing that can compromise a building's structural stability. In this work, nine different kinds of calcareous stone slabs exposed for ten years to naturalweathering in Turin (Northern Italy) have been studied. Petrographic characteristics and an enhanced petrographic Analysis of Adjacent Grains (AGA) were compared with the physical and mechanical properties of slabs exposed. Stone durability was detected by means of the following test methods: Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV), water absorption, superficial water absorption by means of a contact sponge, flexural strength, bowing measurements and image analysis. Fromthe comparison of the results obtained to detect the decay with the different techniques, it is possible to assert that the UPV measurement best correlates with flexural strength. After ten years of natural weathering, the decrease of mechanical resistance of calcitic stones with similar grain size is inversely proportional to the value of AGA. The same tests are performed after various thermal andmoisture cycles, according the recent EN 16306 European Standard. Comparison of naturalweathering and artificial ageing, by means of image analysis, suggests that the natural external factors cause different types and degrees of porosity than artificial ageing.
Ten years of natural ageing of calcareous stones / Bellopede, Rossana; Castelletto, Eleonora; Marini, Paola. - In: ENGINEERING GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0013-7952. - ELETTRONICO. - 211(2016), pp. 19-26. [10.1016/j.enggeo.2016.06.015]
|Titolo:||Ten years of natural ageing of calcareous stones|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2016.06.015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|