A 3D multi-physics, multi-component and not isothermal model is developed to analyze the effects of catalyst structures on the performance of a gas diffusion electrode (GDE) cell toward the oxygen reduction reaction using dry oxygen as a reactant. The model includes Stokes–Brinkman, Maxwell–Stefan, and modified Butler–Volmer equations for simulating the performance of the GDE cell, solved by Comsol(R) Multiphysics v4.4a platform. The model is validated against experimental data, showing congruent and convergent responses for different electrodes based on noble and non-noble metals catalysts, confirming the accuracy of the model and the equations applied. The use of a 3D model incorporating porous materials can be used for evaluating mass transport and diffusivity parameters of the electrocatalyst, identifying the controlling variable in the process. The model can be used as an optimization tool for further improvement of catalyst synthesis, suggesting which properties can be tuned to improve the overall performance in the catalyst design phase.
|Titolo:||3D multi-physic modeling of a gas diffusion electrode for oxygen reduction reaction for electrochemical energy conversion in PEM fuel cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.04.030|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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