In this work a series of cobalt spinel catalysts was synthesized by different methods and doped with 1 wt.% of palladium via incipient wetness impregnation (IWI) or solution combustion synthesis (SCS). Both undoped and Pd-doped spinels were characterized from the structural and surface point of view (XRD, XRF, μRS, BET, FESEM) and tested toward the oxidation of methane in lean conditions, in gas mixtures containing from 0.5 to 2 vol.% of CH4. These methane concentrations are typical of processes involving combustion of CH4 in lean conditions as the after-treatment of unconverted CH4 in compressed natural gas-fed vehicle exhausts, or the treatment of fugitive CH4 from leaks in coal mines. The temperature window for the catalytic activity of the undoped Co3O4 materials spread from 350 to 600 °C. The preparation method affected the catalytic activity of undoped Co3O4, with the best catalytic activity related to the spinel prepared by SCS employing urea. The addition of 1 wt.% of Pd lowered the temperature window for the catalytic activity to the range of 250 – 500 °C, with insignificant differences for the various preparation methods. The beneficial effect of Pd-doping was assigned to the enhancement of the reduction of cobalt in the oxide structure.
|Titolo:||The effect of the preparation method of Pd-doped cobalt spinel on the catalytic activity in methane oxidation under lean fuel conditions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11244-016-0620-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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