Aim of this paper is to develop an automated system for the classification and characterization of carotid wall status and to develop a robust system based on local texture descriptors. A database of 200 longitudinal ultrasound images of carotid artery is used. One-hundred images with Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) value higher than 0.8mm are considered as high risk. Six different rectangular pixel neighborhoods were considered: four areas centered on the selected element, with sizes 7 15, 15 7, 7 3, and 3 7 pixels, and two noncentered areas with sizes 7 3 pixels upwards and downwards. We have extracted various texture descriptors (31 based on the co-occurrence gray level matrix, 13 based on the spatial gray level dependence matrix, and 20 based on the gray level run length matrix) from neighborhood. We have used Quick Reduct Algorithm to select 12 most discriminant features from extracted 211 features. Each pixel is then assigned to the vessel lumen, to the intima-media complex, or to the adventitia by using an integrated system of three feed-forward neural networks. The boundaries between the three regions are used to estimate the IMT value. The texture features associated with GLRLM are found to be clinically most significant. We have obtained an overall classification accuracy of 79.5%, sensitivity of 87%, and specificity of 72%. We observed a unique classification pattern between low risk and high risk images: in the latter ones, a considerable number of pixels of the intima–media complex (31.2% +- 14.4%) was classified as belonging to the adventitia. This percentage is statistically higher than that of low risk images (18.2% +- 11.8%; p < 0:001). Locally extracted and pixel-based descriptors are able to capture the inner characteristics of the carotid wall. The presence of misclassified pixels in the intima– media complex is associated to higher cardiovascular risk.
CAROTID WALL MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT BASED ON PIXEL-BASED AND LOCAL TEXTURE DESCRIPTORS / Rosati, Samanta; Meiburger, KRISTEN MARIKO; Balestra, Gabriella; RAJENDRA ACHARYA, U.; Molinari, Filippo. - In: JOURNAL OF MECHANICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0219-5194. - ELETTRONICO. - 16:1(2016), p. 1640006.
|Titolo:||CAROTID WALL MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT BASED ON PIXEL-BASED AND LOCAL TEXTURE DESCRIPTORS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219519416400066|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|