In this contribution a new method for evaluating seismic risk in regional areas based on the acoustic emission (AE) technique is proposed. Most earthquakes have precursors, i.e., phenomena of changes in the Earth's physical-chemical properties that take place prior to an earthquake. Acoustic emissions in materials and earthquakes in the Earth's crust, despite the fact that they take place on very different scales, are very similar phenomena; both are caused by a release of elastic energy from a source located in a medium. For the AE monitoring, two important constructions of Italian cultural heritage are considered: the chapel of the "Sacred Mountain of Varallo" and the "Asinelli Tower" of Bologna. They were monitored during earthquake sequences in their relative areas. By using the Grassberger-Procaccia algorithm, a statistical method of analysis was developed that detects AEs as earthquake precursors or aftershocks. Under certain conditions it was observed that AEs precede earthquakes. These considerations reinforce the idea that the AE monitoring can be considered an effective tool for earthquake risk evaluation.
|Titolo:||Correlation between earthquakes and AE monitoring of historical buildings in seismic areas|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3390/app5041683|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|