A recent study [Rosati, Dolcini, and Rossi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 243101 (2015)] has predicted that, while in semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) an electronic wave packet experiences the typical spatial diffusion of conventional materials, in metallic SWNTs, its shape remains essentially unaltered up to micrometer distances at room temperature, even in the presence of the electron-phonon coupling. Here, by utilizing a Lindblad-based density-matrix approach enabling us to account for both dissipation and decoherence effects, we test such a prediction by analyzing various aspects that were so far unexplored. In particular, accounting for initial nonequilibrium excitations, characterized by an excess energy E0, and including both intra- and interband phonon scattering, we show that for realistically high values of E0 the electronic diffusion is extremely small and nearly independent of its energetic distribution, in spite of a significant energy-dissipation and decoherence dynamics. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the effect is robust with respect to the variation of the chemical potential. Our results thus suggest that metallic SWNTs are a promising platform to realize quantum channels for the nondispersive transmission of electronic wave packets.
|Titolo:||Electron-phonon coupling in metallic carbon nanotubes: Dispersionless electron propagation despite dissipation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.92.235423|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|