We study interacting dipolar atomic bosons in a four-well potential within a ring geometry and outline how a four-site Bose–Hubbard (BH) model including next–nearest–neighbor interaction terms can be derived for the above four-well system. We analyze the ground state of dipolar bosons by varying the strength of the (effective) interaction between particles in next–nearest-neighbor wells. We perform this analysis both numerically and analytically by reformulating the dipolar-boson model within the continuous variable picture applied in Buonsante et al (2011 Phys. Rev. A 84 061601(R)). By using this approach we show that when the (effective) next-nearest–neighbor interaction crosses a precise value of the on-site interaction, the ground state exhibits a change from the uniform state (pertaining to the delocalization regime) to a macroscopic two-pulse state, with strongly localized bosons (localization regime). These predictions are confirmed by the results obtained by diagonalizing numerically the four-site extended BH Hamiltonian.

Localization–delocalization transition of dipolar bosons in a four-well potential / G., Mazzarella; Penna, Vittorio. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. B, ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0953-4075. - STAMPA. - 48:(2015), pp. 065001-1-065001-10. [10.1088/0953-4075/48/6/065001]

Localization–delocalization transition of dipolar bosons in a four-well potential

PENNA, Vittorio
2015

Abstract

We study interacting dipolar atomic bosons in a four-well potential within a ring geometry and outline how a four-site Bose–Hubbard (BH) model including next–nearest–neighbor interaction terms can be derived for the above four-well system. We analyze the ground state of dipolar bosons by varying the strength of the (effective) interaction between particles in next–nearest-neighbor wells. We perform this analysis both numerically and analytically by reformulating the dipolar-boson model within the continuous variable picture applied in Buonsante et al (2011 Phys. Rev. A 84 061601(R)). By using this approach we show that when the (effective) next-nearest–neighbor interaction crosses a precise value of the on-site interaction, the ground state exhibits a change from the uniform state (pertaining to the delocalization regime) to a macroscopic two-pulse state, with strongly localized bosons (localization regime). These predictions are confirmed by the results obtained by diagonalizing numerically the four-site extended BH Hamiltonian.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2593371
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