Two metal-doped mesoporous titania samples (Fe-MT and V-MT) have been prepared, and characterized through several techniques (N2 sorption at – 196°C, XRD, TEM, XPS, DR-UV-Vis and Raman spectroscopies). As reference, pure mesoporous titania (MT) and commercial non-porous P25 (Degussa) were considered, the latter both as such and after impregnation with either Fe- or V- salts (Fe-IT, V-IT). In addition, the catalytic activity of the samples has been measured in the oxidation by H2O2 in water of Acid Orange 7 (AO7), a model azo-dye. Catalytic measurements were run at natural pH of the AO7 solution (= 6.8), to avoid adsorption phenomena occurring in acidic conditions, and, contrary to what usually done, in the absence of light. It is inferred that with Fe-MT inclusion of Fe(III) takes place, so that Fe(III) ions are present both in the bulk and at the surface, whereas with V-MT V species are present basically only at the surface. As to AO7 degradation: i) titania alone is already rather active, with MT more active that P25, likely because of the higher specific surface area (SSA); ii) impregnated samples are more active than P25, because of a positive catalytic effect of metallic centres; iii) synthesized samples are more active than corresponding impregnated ones, not only because of the higher SSA, but also because direct synthesis allows a better dispersions of active sites; iv) Fe- containing samples are more active, in the long run, than V-containing ones, because of a different reaction mechanism (Fenton-like and Mars van Krevelen, respectively). The occurrence of two mechanisms is shown by a different time course in the two cases. Further support comes from XPS data, showing that, after reaction Fe-MT still features only Fe(III) species, whereas V species in V-MT are basically reduced to V(IV), which leads to deactivation of these samples.

Fe- and V-doped mesoporous titania prepared by direct synthesis: Characterization and role in the oxidation of AO7 by H2O2 in the dark / Piumetti, Marco; Freyria, FRANCESCA STEFANIA; Armandi, Marco; Geobaldo, Francesco; Garrone, Edoardo; Bonelli, Barbara. - In: CATALYSIS TODAY. - ISSN 0920-5861. - STAMPA. - 227:(2014), pp. 71-79. [10.1016/j.cattod.2013.11.013]

Fe- and V-doped mesoporous titania prepared by direct synthesis: Characterization and role in the oxidation of AO7 by H2O2 in the dark

PIUMETTI, MARCO;FREYRIA, FRANCESCA STEFANIA;ARMANDI, MARCO;GEOBALDO, FRANCESCO;GARRONE, EDOARDO;BONELLI, Barbara
2014

Abstract

Two metal-doped mesoporous titania samples (Fe-MT and V-MT) have been prepared, and characterized through several techniques (N2 sorption at – 196°C, XRD, TEM, XPS, DR-UV-Vis and Raman spectroscopies). As reference, pure mesoporous titania (MT) and commercial non-porous P25 (Degussa) were considered, the latter both as such and after impregnation with either Fe- or V- salts (Fe-IT, V-IT). In addition, the catalytic activity of the samples has been measured in the oxidation by H2O2 in water of Acid Orange 7 (AO7), a model azo-dye. Catalytic measurements were run at natural pH of the AO7 solution (= 6.8), to avoid adsorption phenomena occurring in acidic conditions, and, contrary to what usually done, in the absence of light. It is inferred that with Fe-MT inclusion of Fe(III) takes place, so that Fe(III) ions are present both in the bulk and at the surface, whereas with V-MT V species are present basically only at the surface. As to AO7 degradation: i) titania alone is already rather active, with MT more active that P25, likely because of the higher specific surface area (SSA); ii) impregnated samples are more active than P25, because of a positive catalytic effect of metallic centres; iii) synthesized samples are more active than corresponding impregnated ones, not only because of the higher SSA, but also because direct synthesis allows a better dispersions of active sites; iv) Fe- containing samples are more active, in the long run, than V-containing ones, because of a different reaction mechanism (Fenton-like and Mars van Krevelen, respectively). The occurrence of two mechanisms is shown by a different time course in the two cases. Further support comes from XPS data, showing that, after reaction Fe-MT still features only Fe(III) species, whereas V species in V-MT are basically reduced to V(IV), which leads to deactivation of these samples.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2588401
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