Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia affecting millions of people in the Western countries and, due to the widespread impact on the popu- lation and its medical relevance, is largely investigated in both clinical and bioengineering sciences. However, some important feedback mechanisms are still not clearly estab- lished. The present study aims at understanding the global response of the cardiovascular system during paroxysmal AF through a lumped-parameter approach, which is here performed paying particular attention to the stochastic modeling of the irregular heartbeats and the reduced con- tractility of the heart. AF can be here analyzed by means of a wide number of hemodynamic parameters and avoiding the presence of other pathologies, which usually accom- pany AF. Reduced cardiac output with correlated drop of ejection fraction and decreased amount of energy con- verted to work by the heart during blood pumping, as well as higher left atrial volumes and pressures are some of the most representative results aligned with the existing clini- cal literature and here emerging during acute AF. The pre- sent modeling, providing new insights on cardiovascular variables which are difficult to measure and rarely reported in literature, turns out to be an efficient and powerful tool for a deeper comprehension and prediction of the arrythmia impact on the whole cardiovascular system.
Impact of atrial fibrillation on the cardiovascular system through a lumped-parameter approach / Stefania Scarsoglio;Andrea Guala;Carlo Camporeale;Luca Ridolfi. - In: MEDICAL & BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTING. - ISSN 0140-0118. - STAMPA. - 52:11(2014), pp. 905-920.
|Titolo:||Impact of atrial fibrillation on the cardiovascular system through a lumped-parameter approach|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11517-014-1192-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|