Experimental validation of numerical models developed by the authors to predict the static behaviour of microelectrostatic actuators is described. Cantilever microbeams, currently used in connection with RF-MEMS and micro-scale material testing were analysed. A set of microcantilevers, bending in the plane of the wafer, i.e. in the same plane as the profiling system’s target, was tested. This differs from the popular case of out-of-plane microbeams, usually studied in the literature. Geometry nonlinearity caused by large deflection of the microbeam was investigated and nonlinear coupled formulation of electromechanical equilibrium was performed. Coupledfield analysis was implemented using the Finite Element Method (FEM), to predict displacements and pull-in voltage measured by Fogale Zoomsurf 3D, subsequently plotting the displacement-versus-voltage curve to complete model validation. FEM nonlinear analysis, based on iterative approach with mesh morphing, and FEM nonincremental approach, including a special element proposed by the authors, are compared to the linear solution and to experimental results. Geometry nonlinearity appears relevant in microbeam modelling and requires a nonlinear solution of the coupled problem. Investigative work, which compared the results of 2D and 3D models to experimental data, revealed that some three dimensional effects are significant in model validation, but the 2D approach may be effective in predicting static behaviour provided that at least a microbeam thickness equivalent is adopted.

Experimental characterization of electrostatically actuated inplane bending of microcantilevers / Ballestra, Alberto; Brusa, Eugenio; Munteanu, M. G. H.; Soma', Aurelio. - In: MICROSYSTEM TECHNOLOGIES. - ISSN 0946-7076. - STAMPA. - 14:7(2008), pp. 909-918. [10.1007/s00542-008-0597-0]

Experimental characterization of electrostatically actuated inplane bending of microcantilevers

BALLESTRA, Alberto;BRUSA, Eugenio;SOMA', AURELIO
2008

Abstract

Experimental validation of numerical models developed by the authors to predict the static behaviour of microelectrostatic actuators is described. Cantilever microbeams, currently used in connection with RF-MEMS and micro-scale material testing were analysed. A set of microcantilevers, bending in the plane of the wafer, i.e. in the same plane as the profiling system’s target, was tested. This differs from the popular case of out-of-plane microbeams, usually studied in the literature. Geometry nonlinearity caused by large deflection of the microbeam was investigated and nonlinear coupled formulation of electromechanical equilibrium was performed. Coupledfield analysis was implemented using the Finite Element Method (FEM), to predict displacements and pull-in voltage measured by Fogale Zoomsurf 3D, subsequently plotting the displacement-versus-voltage curve to complete model validation. FEM nonlinear analysis, based on iterative approach with mesh morphing, and FEM nonincremental approach, including a special element proposed by the authors, are compared to the linear solution and to experimental results. Geometry nonlinearity appears relevant in microbeam modelling and requires a nonlinear solution of the coupled problem. Investigative work, which compared the results of 2D and 3D models to experimental data, revealed that some three dimensional effects are significant in model validation, but the 2D approach may be effective in predicting static behaviour provided that at least a microbeam thickness equivalent is adopted.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2518573
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