In the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, the nuclear radiation escaping from the vacuum vessel reaches the superconducting toroidal field (TF) magnets, affecting the temperature margin ΔTmar, that is, the difference between the current sharing temperature and the operating temperature. The TF magnets are designed to operate at a minimum margin ΔTmar,min = 0.7 K. Recent design activity on in-vessel components, for example, blanket, in-vessel coils for plasma stability, suggests a potential enhancement of the nuclear heat load, leading to a reduction of ΔTmar, which is accurately assessed in the paper using the validated 4C code. For the case when the margin goes below the minimum, different possible mitigation strategies are investigated: the first considers the possible reduction of the He bath temperature from the nominal 4.3 K down to 3.8 K, and is proven to be successful. The others consider the possible increase of the dwell time between plasma pulses, and is shown to be inadequate, or the decrease of plasma pulse duration, which turns out to be effective below 300 s.
|Titolo:||Analysis of the Effects of the Nuclear Heat Load on the ITER TF Magnets Temperature Margin|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TASC.2013.2280720|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|