For the first time, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from herring sperm has been employed as a novel flame retardant system for enhancing the thermal stability and flame retardancy properties of cotton fabrics. Indeed, DNA could be considered an intrinsically intumescent flame retardant as it contains the three main components that are usually present in an intumescent formulation, namely: the phosphate groups, able to produce phosphoric acid, the deoxyribose units acting as a carbon source and blowing agents (upon heating a (poly)saccharide dehydrates forming char and releasing water) and the nitrogen-containing bases (guanine, adenine, thymine, and cytosine) that may release ammonia. The flammability tests in horizontal configuration have clearly shown that after two applications of a methane flame for 3s, the DNA-treated cotton fabrics do not burn at all. Furthermore, when exposed to an irradiative heat flux of 35kW/m2, no ignition has been observed. Finally, the LOI values of the treated fabrics have achieved 28% as opposite to 18% of the untreated fabric.
DNA: a novel, green, natural flame retardant and suppressant for cotton / Jenny Alongi; Riccardo Andrea Carletto; Alessandro Di Blasio; Federico Carosio; Francesca Bosco; Giulio Malucelli. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY. A. - ISSN 2050-7488. - ELETTRONICO. - 1:15(2013), pp. 4779-4785. [10.1039/C3TA00107E]
|Titolo:||DNA: a novel, green, natural flame retardant and suppressant for cotton|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3TA00107E|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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