As urban societies seek to redefine themselves following the decline of manufacturing, they are left with physical and social transformations supported by successive stages of industrial growth and shrinking. At the same time, new paradigms are developed in urban planning to address the challenge of cities that are declining and cities whose population is rapidly rising. These attempts raise the need to understand the impact of the road network on how cities thrive or shrink, additionally to social, cultural and economic changes. This paper uses space syntax methodology and a comprehensive mapping of industrial distribution to analyse the evolution of the road networks of Turin (capitals of car manufacturing in Italy) and its relationship to industry from 1920 to the present. The focus is the morphological cluster of industrial sites and how to generate alternative concepts for planning development. The analysis showed that industry began within the urban core along the primary routes of global-scale movement. However, as a new era of economic production took place at the end of the 20th century, the road network and industry followed a different logic. Industrial activities spread along the periphery in island clusters in close proximity to global arteries of movement. Turin has retained a backbone of integrated streets that enabled its reinforcement when industry relocated. The analysis of their historic development shows that new concepts should be informed by quantitative analysis of the evolution of the road network and its effects on economic activity, so that future planning can turn into a basic guide the configurational logic of urban roads from the past.
The Clustering Effect of Industrial Sites: Turning Morphology into Guidelines for Future Developments within the Turin Metropolitan Area / Roccasalva, Giuseppe; Amanda, Pluviano. - In: TEMA. - ISSN 1970-9889. - ELETTRONICO. - 5:3(2012), pp. 7-20.
|Titolo:||The Clustering Effect of Industrial Sites: Turning Morphology into Guidelines for Future Developments within the Turin Metropolitan Area|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/1221|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|