We investigate the possible thermodynamic instability in a warm and dense nuclear medium (T<50 MeV and ρ0< ρB<3 ρ0) where a phase transition from nucleonic matter to resonance-dominated matter can take place. The analysis is performed by requiring the global conservation of baryon and electric charge numbers in the framework of a relativistic equation of state. Similarly to the liquid-gas phase transition, we show that the nucleon- matter phase transition is characterized by both mechanical instability (fluctuations on the baryon density) and by chemical-diffusive instability (fluctuations on the charge concentration) in asymmetric nuclear matter.We then perform an investigation and a comparative study on the different nature of such instabilities and phase transitions.
|Titolo:||Chemical and mechanical instability in warm and dense nuclear matter|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevC.86.024917|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|