A new approach for the profiling of movable sediment beds in laboratory experiments is presented. It couples a triangulation laser sensor and an ultrasonic level transmitter, and allows a non-intrusive, fast and accurate measurement of bed topography without stopping the experimental runs. The distortion of the laser beam due to the refraction at the water surface is corrected by contemporaneously measuring the elevation of the water surface through the ultrasonic level transmitter and taking advantage of geometrical relations involving the water depth, distance of the sensors from the water surface, and the angles that the emitted laser beam forms with the vertical before and after refraction. Several tests, under either still- or flowing-water conditions, as well as increasing/decreasing water surface elevation, were carried out to evaluate the accuracy of the measurements. These tests indicate that good-quality measurements are obtained for flow depths in the range 0 < D < 60 mm, typical of morphodynamic laboratory experiments. Finally, two relevant applications to movable bed experiments carried out under either lagoonal or fluvial conditions are presented that show the effectiveness of the proposed profiling technique.
Bed evolution measurement with flowing water in morphodynamics experiments / Visconti F.; Stefanon L.; Camporeale C.; Susin F.; Ridolfi L.; Lanzoni S.. - In: EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS. - ISSN 0197-9337. - STAMPA. - 37:8(2012), pp. 818-827. [10.1002/esp.3200]
|Titolo:||Bed evolution measurement with flowing water in morphodynamics experiments|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.3200|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|