Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) nanocomposites containing graphene and graphene nanoribbons were obtained by polymerizing 1,4-butanediol with two diisocyanates (namely, 1,6-hexane diisocyanate or isophorone diisocyanate), in which the nanofillers were previously dispersed. Raman spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy demonstrated the formation of few-layer graphene and graphene nanoribbons dispersed in the monomers. At variance to the methods commonly reported in literature, that used in this work consists of the direct exfoliation of graphite without any chemical manipulation. Apart from the obvious cost and ease advantages, the so-obtained graphene does not contain any carboxy or alkoxy groups formed during the exfoliation process, which, at variance, are typically present in the most commonly reported methods. This finding paves the way toward the large-scale production of the graphene nanoribbons, which are considered even more interesting than graphene itself for many potential applications. The obtained nanocomposites show a peculiar thermal and rheological behavior due to the presence of the nanofillers and to their reinforcing or plasticizing effect exerted on the TPU matrices.
Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocomposites of Thermoplastic Polyurethane with both Graphene and Graphene Nanoribbon Fillers / Sergio Scognamillo; Emilia Gioffredi; Massimo Piccinini; Massimo Lazzari; Valeria Alzari; Daniele Nuvoli; Roberta Sanna; Daniele Piga; Giulio Malucelli; Alberto Mariani. - In: POLYMER. - ISSN 0032-3861. - 53(2012), pp. 4019-4024.
|Titolo:||Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocomposites of Thermoplastic Polyurethane with both Graphene and Graphene Nanoribbon Fillers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2012.07.020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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