The re-use of rock as an industrial material requires more treatments than those foreseen for the reuse of muck as an aggregate for concrete and for road construction. The treatments always start with comminution, which has the goal of liberating the rock-forming minerals. Liberation is achieved with the appearance of grains which are composed of only one mineral. The subsequent treatment steps are based on the physical–mechanical–chemical properties of the different minerals, that is, density, magnetic susceptibility, wettability etc. Magnetic separation and flotation, the two techniques examined in this research, are the two most common techniques used in industrial mineral production plants. The mucks that were analysed are from the Omegna and Brennero tunnels, both of which are granitic rocks with different textures. From the analysis and comparison of the preliminary treatment results, it has been possible to optimise the treatment method. Petrographic, mineralogic and ﬁring tests have been conducted to evaluate the obtained results. High-gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) on deﬁned grain sizes appears to be suitable to obtain a product with a high feldspar–quartz content which could be used in the ceramic ﬁeld.
|Titolo:||The Use of Tunnel Muck as Industrial Raw Material:Two Case-Studies|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00603-012-0266-68|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|