Investigations into vocal doses and parameters were carried out on 40 primary school teachers (36 females and 4 males) in six schools in Italy, divided into two groups of three, A and B, on the basis of the type of building and the mid-frequency reverberation time in the classrooms, which was 1.13 s and 0.79 s, respectively. A total of 73 working-day samples were collected (66 for females and 7 for males), from which 54 traditional lessons were analyzed separately. The average value over the working days of the mean sound pressure level of the voiced speech at 1 m from the teacher’s mouth was 62.1 dB for the females and 57.7 dB for the males, while the voicing time percentage was 25.9% and 25.1%, respectively. Even though the vocal doses and parameters did not differ for the two school groups, the differences in the subjective scores were significant, with enhanced scores in group B. A 0.72 dB increase in speech level per 1 dB increase in background noise level, LA90, was found during traditional lessons, as well as an increase in the mean value of the fundamental frequency with an increase in LA90, at a rate of 1.0 Hz/dB.

Investigations into vocal doses and parameters pertaining to primary school teachers in classrooms / Bottalico, Pasquale; Astolfi, Arianna. - In: THE JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0001-4966. - ELETTRONICO. - 131:4(2012), pp. 2817-2827. [10.1121/1.3689549]

Investigations into vocal doses and parameters pertaining to primary school teachers in classrooms

BOTTALICO, PASQUALE;ASTOLFI, Arianna
2012

Abstract

Investigations into vocal doses and parameters were carried out on 40 primary school teachers (36 females and 4 males) in six schools in Italy, divided into two groups of three, A and B, on the basis of the type of building and the mid-frequency reverberation time in the classrooms, which was 1.13 s and 0.79 s, respectively. A total of 73 working-day samples were collected (66 for females and 7 for males), from which 54 traditional lessons were analyzed separately. The average value over the working days of the mean sound pressure level of the voiced speech at 1 m from the teacher’s mouth was 62.1 dB for the females and 57.7 dB for the males, while the voicing time percentage was 25.9% and 25.1%, respectively. Even though the vocal doses and parameters did not differ for the two school groups, the differences in the subjective scores were significant, with enhanced scores in group B. A 0.72 dB increase in speech level per 1 dB increase in background noise level, LA90, was found during traditional lessons, as well as an increase in the mean value of the fundamental frequency with an increase in LA90, at a rate of 1.0 Hz/dB.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2495799
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