Three hematite samples were synthesized by precipitation from a FeCl3 solution under controlled pH and temperature conditions in different morphology and dimensions: (i) microsized (average diameter 1.2 μm); (ii) submicrosized (250 nm); and (iii) nanosized (90 nm). To gain insight into reactions potentially occurring in vivo at the particle–lung interface following dust inhalation, several physicochemical features relevant to pathogenicity were measured (free radical generation in cell-free tests, metal release, and antioxidant depletion), and cellular toxicity assays on human lung epithelial cells (A549) and murine alveolar macrophages (MH-S) were carried out (LDH release, apoptosis detection, DNA damage, and nitric oxide synthesis). The decrease in particles size, from 1.2 μm to 90 nm, only caused a slight increase in structural defects (disorder of the hematite phase and the presence of surface ferrous ions) without enhancing surface reactivity or cellular responses in the concentration range between 20 and 100 μg cm–2.
Hematite nanoparticles larger than 90 nm show no sign of toxicity in terms of lactate dehydrogenase release, nitric oxide generation, apoptosis and comet assay in murine alveolar macrophages and human lung epithelial cells / Freyria F.S.; Bonelli B.; Tomatis M.; Ghiazza M.; Gazzano E.; Ghigo D.; Garrone E.; Fubini B.. - In: CHEMICAL RESEARCH IN TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0893-228X. - STAMPA. - 25:4(2012), pp. 850-861. [10.1021/tx2004294]
|Titolo:||Hematite nanoparticles larger than 90 nm show no sign of toxicity in terms of lactate dehydrogenase release, nitric oxide generation, apoptosis and comet assay in murine alveolar macrophages and human lung epithelial cells.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx2004294|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|