Frontal polymerization has been successfully used to synthesize poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) nanocomposite hydrogels containing graphene. The latter was directly achieved by ultrasound treatment of a dispersion of graphite in N-methylpyrrolidone. The dispersion, having the concentration of 2.21 g L1, was characterized by TEM analysis and mixed with suitable amounts of N-isopropylacrylamide for the synthesis of graphene-containing nanocomposite polymer hydrogels. The nanocomposite hydrogels were analyzed by SEM and Raman spectroscopy, and their swelling and rheological properties were investigated. It was found that graphene strongly influences the swelling ratio, dramatically increasing it, even if present in small amounts. Finally, the rheological properties of the hydrogels were correlated with the graphene content: G' modulus and complex viscosity were found to increase with increasing nanofiller concentration, thus indicating the occurrence of good interactions between the two phases. Nevertheless, at a high concentration (i.e., 0.13 wt.%), graphene showed a lubrication effect, lowering the rheological parameters and approaching the same pseudoplastic behaviour of the unfilled material.
Graphene-containing thermoresponsive nanocomposite hydrogels of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) prepared by frontal polymerization / Alzari V.; Nuvoli D.; Scognamillo S.; Piccinini M.; Gioffredi E.; Malucelli G.; Marceddu S.; Mariani M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0959-9428. - STAMPA. - 21(2011), pp. 8727-8733.
|Titolo:||Graphene-containing thermoresponsive nanocomposite hydrogels of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) prepared by frontal polymerization|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C1JM11076D|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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