Nanoscale zerovalent iron (NZVI) represents one of the most interesting reagents for the remediation of contaminated aquifers, but its application is hindered by a lack of colloidal stability. Prior studies have shown that nanoscale iron slurries can be successfully stabilized against aggregation and sedimentation through dispersion in xanthan solutions; thus, further research was carried out by focusing on the flow behavior of xanthan-modified NVZI suspensions. This work aims at understanding the rheological properties of NZVI-xanthan suspensions, which have been extensively tested under two different flow conditions: simple shear flow and flow through a porous medium. According to both experimental approaches, the suspensions show a shear thinning behavior that is dependent on iron concentration. These rheological properties are explained by referring to the microstructure of the colloidal system. Flow equations have been formulated and solved in radial coordinates in order to demonstrate the feasibility of such suspensions in field scale applications.
Rheological characterization of NZVI suspensions for injection in porous media / Comba S.; Dalmazzo D.; Santagata E.; Sethi R.. - In: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. - ISSN 0304-3894. - ELETTRONICO. - 185:2-3(2011), pp. 598-605.
|Titolo:||Rheological characterization of NZVI suspensions for injection in porous media|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.09.060|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|