Gas cleaning systems of MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) incinerators are characterised by the process employed to remove acid gases. The commonly used technologies for acid gas removal are: (1) dry treatment with Ca(OH)2 or (2) with NaHCO3, (3) semi-dry process with Ca(OH)2 and (4) wet scrubbing. In some recent plants beside a wet cleaning system, a dry neutralization with Ca(OH)2 is used. The goal is to reduce the amount of acid to be removed in the wet treatment and the liquid effluents produced. The influence of these different technologies on the electrical efficiency was investigated by a detailed simulation of a WTE (Waste To Energy) plant with a capacity of about 100,000 t/y of MSW. The effects of the different gas cleaning systems on electrical efficiency were significant. The difference of efficiency between the most advantageous technology, which is dry treatment with NaHCO3, and the least advantageous technology which is semi-dry treatment, is about 0.8%. A simple economic analysis showed that the few advantages of dry technologies can often be lost if the costs of chemicals and the disposal of products are considered.

Influence of flue gas cleaning system on the energetic efficiency and on the economic performance of a WTE plant / Poggio, Alberto; Grieco, ENRICO MARIA. - In: WASTE MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0956-053X. - STAMPA. - 30:7(2010), pp. 1355-1361.

Influence of flue gas cleaning system on the energetic efficiency and on the economic performance of a WTE plant

POGGIO, ALBERTO;GRIECO, ENRICO MARIA
2010

Abstract

Gas cleaning systems of MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) incinerators are characterised by the process employed to remove acid gases. The commonly used technologies for acid gas removal are: (1) dry treatment with Ca(OH)2 or (2) with NaHCO3, (3) semi-dry process with Ca(OH)2 and (4) wet scrubbing. In some recent plants beside a wet cleaning system, a dry neutralization with Ca(OH)2 is used. The goal is to reduce the amount of acid to be removed in the wet treatment and the liquid effluents produced. The influence of these different technologies on the electrical efficiency was investigated by a detailed simulation of a WTE (Waste To Energy) plant with a capacity of about 100,000 t/y of MSW. The effects of the different gas cleaning systems on electrical efficiency were significant. The difference of efficiency between the most advantageous technology, which is dry treatment with NaHCO3, and the least advantageous technology which is semi-dry treatment, is about 0.8%. A simple economic analysis showed that the few advantages of dry technologies can often be lost if the costs of chemicals and the disposal of products are considered.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2372065
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