High field electron and hole transport in wurtzite phase GaN is studied using an ensemble Monte Carlo method. The model includes the details of the full band structure derived from nonlocal empirical pseudopotential calculations. The nonpolar carrier-phonon interaction is treated within the framework of the rigid pseudoion approximation using ab initio techniques to determine the phonon dispersion relation. The calculated carrier-phonon scattering rates are consistent with the electronic structure and the phonon dispersion relation thus removing adjustable parameters such as deformation potential coefficients. The impact ionization transition rate is computed based on the calculated electronic structure and the corresponding wave-vector dependent dielectric function. The complex band structure of wurtzite GaN requires the inclusion of band-to-band tunneling effects that are critical at high electric fields. The electric-field-induced interband transitions are investigated by the direct solution of the time dependent multiband Schrödinger equation. The multiband description of the transport predicts a considerable increase in the impact ionization coefficients compared to the case in which tunneling is not considered. In the second part of this work it will be shown that the proposed numerical model correctly predicts the carrier multiplication gain and breakdown voltage of a variety of GaN avalanche photodetectors that have been recently fabricated by several research groups.
|Titolo:||Theory of high field carrier transport and impact ionization in wurtzite GaN. Part I: A full band Monte Carlo model|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1063/1.3213363|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|