We focus on energy saving in 802.11-based WLANs. Previous work has shown that, on the one hand, 802.11 wireless interfaces consume a significant amount of energy, on the other hand the use of current power management schemes can severely degrade the QoS performance of several Internet-based applications. Furthermore, the energy spent by wireless devices may even increase when the standard 802.11 power-saving mode (PSM) is implemented. These facts suggest that other solutions to energy saving are highly needed. In this paper, we consider the 802.11 distributed access scheme and we propose a novel approach that enables a station to enter a low-power operational state during channel contention. More specifically, our technique exploits the virtual carrier sense mechanism and the backoff function specified in the IEEE 802.11 DCF, so that a station can dramatically reduce its energy consumption without significant degradation of the QoS performance. To efficiently implement our mechanism, a low-power state with negligible transition time into the active state must be identified. This can be any of the non-standard, low-power states defined by proprietary solutions in the current or next-generation products [7,15,22]. By using the network simulator ns2, we evaluate the performance improvement that is obtained when the proposed mechanism is implemented, against the results attained through the standard DCF. The results show that we can achieve a reduction in energy consumption as large as 80% and 28% under, respectively, UDP and TCP traffic.
|Titolo:||Saving Energy during Channel Contention in 802.11 WLANs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11036-006-4480-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|