This paper investigates the relationship between investment and regulatory regimes (incentive vs. rate-ofreturn regulation) for a sample of EU energy utilities from 1997 to 2007. We control for the effect of firm ownership and for cross-country differences in the underlying energy demand and energy supply. To deal with potential endogeneity of the regulatory regime, we apply instrumental variable methods (2SLS and GMM). Our results show that investment rate is higher under incentive regulation than under rate of return regulation. Using original data on the regulatory tools (X factor and WACC), we find that investment of incentive regulated firms appears highly sensitive to the X factor, consistent with efficiency—and profitseeking motivations. Electric utilities investment is also sensitive to the level and change in the weighted average cost of capital (WACC). Finally, we find that the positive relationship between private control and investment is not robust to IV estimations, suggesting that in Europe regulation may have reduced the differences between private and public firms’ incentives to invest.
Incentive Regulation and Investment. Evidence from European Energy Utilities / RONDI L.; CAMBINI C. - In: JOURNAL OF REGULATORY ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0922-680X. - 38:1(2010), pp. 1-26. [10.1007/s11149-009-9111-6]
|Titolo:||Incentive Regulation and Investment. Evidence from European Energy Utilities|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11149-009-9111-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|