This paper presents an integral battery charger for an electric scooter with high voltage batteries and interior-permanent-magnet motor traction drive. The battery charger is derived from the power hardware of the scooter, with the ac motor drive that operates as three-phase boost rectifier with power factor correction capability. The control of the charger is also integrated into the scooter control firmware that is implemented on a fixed-point DSP controller. Current-controlled or voltage-controlled charge modes are actuated according to the requirements of the battery management system, that is embedded into the battery pack. With respect to previous integrated chargers, the ac current is absorbed at unitary power factor with no harmonic distortion. Moreover, no additional filtering is needed since the pulsewidth modulation ripple is minimized by means of phase interleaving. The feasibility of the integral charger with different ac motors (induction motor, surface-mounted phase modulation motor) is also discussed, by means of a general model purposely developed for three-phase ac machines. The effectiveness of the proposed battery charger is experimentally demonstrated on a prototype electric scooter, equipped with two Li-ion battery packs rated 260 V, 20 Ah.
An Integral Battery Charger with Power Factor Correction for Electric Scooter / PELLEGRINO G.; E. ARMANDO; P. GUGLIELMI. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS. - ISSN 0885-8993. - ELETTRONICO. - 25:3(2009), pp. 751-759.
|Titolo:||An Integral Battery Charger with Power Factor Correction for Electric Scooter|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2033187|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|