In this paper, we propose a model-based lossy coding technique for biomedical signals in multiple dimensions. The method is based on the codebook-excited linear prediction approach and models signals as filtered noise. The filter models short-term redundancy in time; the shape of the power spectrum of the signal and the residual noise, quantized using an algebraic codebook, is used for reconstruction of the waveforms. In addition to temporal redundancy, redundancy in the coding of the filter and residual noise across spatially related signals is also exploited, yielding better compression performance in terms of SNR for a given bit rate. The proposed coding technique was tested on sets of multichannel electromyography (EMG) and EEG signals as representative examples. For 2-D EMG recordings of 56 signals, the coding technique resulted in SNR greater than 3.4 ± 1.3 dB with respect to independent coding of the signals in the grid when the compression ratio was 89%. For EEG recordings of 15 signals and the same compression ratio as for EMG, the average gain in SNR was 2.4 ± 0.1 dB. In conclusion, a method for exploiting both the temporal and spatial redundancy, typical of multidimensional biomedical signals, has been proposed and proved to be superior to previous coding schemes.
|Titolo:||Compression of Multi-dimensional Biomedical Signals with Spatial and Temporal Codebook Excited Linear Prediction|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TBME.2009.2027691|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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