Vascular access methods, performed by the insertion of cannulae into vessels, may disturb the physiological flow of blood, giving rise to non-physiological pressure variations and shear stresses. To date, the hydrodynamic behaviour of the cannulae has been evaluated comparing their pressure loss–flow rate relationships, as obtained from in vitro experiments using a monodimensional approach; this methodology neither furnish information about the local fluid dynamics nor the established flow field in specific clinical work conditions. Since the shear stress is a critical factor in the design of artificial circulatory devices, more knowledge should be necessary about the local values assumed by the haemodynamic parameters during cannulation. An alternative way to investigate the fluid dynamic as accurately as possible is given by numeric studies. A 3D model of cannula concentrically placed in a rigid wall vessel is presented, with the finite element methodology used to numerically simulate the steady-state flow field in two different venous cannulation case studies, with two cannulae having a central hole and two or four side holes, respectively, with the same boundary conditions. Lower velocity and shear stress peak values have been computed for the model with four side holes upstream of the central hole, in the region of the cannula where the inlet flows meet and towards cannula's outlet, due to the increased flow symmetry and inlet area with respect to the model with two side holes. Starting from the investigation of different cannula designs, numerically assessing the local fluid dynamics, indications can be drawn to support both the design phase and the device optimal clinical use, in order to limit risks of biomechanical origin. Thus the presence of four side holes implied, as a consequence of the greater inlet area and of the increased symmetry, a less disturbed blood flow, together with reduced shear stress values. Furthermore, results show that the numerical simulations furnished useful informations on the interaction between vessel and cannula, e.g. on the fluid dynamics establishing in the free luminal space left, in the vessel, by the inserted cannula.
Computational model of the fluid dynamics of a cannula inserted in a vessel: incidence of the presence of side holes in blood flow / M. Grigioni; C. Daniele; U. Morbiducci; G. D’Avenio; G. Di Benedetto; C. Del Gaudio; V. Barbaro. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS. - ISSN 0021-9290. - 35:12(2002), pp. 1599-1612.
|Titolo:||Computational model of the fluid dynamics of a cannula inserted in a vessel: incidence of the presence of side holes in blood flow|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00231-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|