This paper analyses the conditions for triggering of dry snow slab avalanches. As suggested by several Authors, we assume as a basic mechanism for avalanche triggering the mode II fracture of the weak layer lying beneath the stiff snow slab, i.e. we assume the presence of super-weak zones in the basal layer. By means of a linear elastic analysis, the shear stresses in the weak layer as well as the strain energy release rate caused by an increment of the super-weak zone are evaluated. Hence we introduce a stress failure criterion as well as an energy one. It is shown that the latter criterion can be seen as an extension of the criterion firstly proposed by McClung [McClung, D.M., 1979. Shear fracture precipitated by strain softening as a mechanism of dry slab avalanche release. Journal of Geophysical Research, 84(B7), 3519-3526.] for dry snow slab avalanche release. Finally we couple the two criteria, showing that the weak layer can fail only in a min–max band of thickness.
|Titolo:||Triggering of dry snow slab avalanches: stress versus fracture mechanical approach|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.coldregions.2007.08.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|