Flame retardant nanocomposites have attracted many research efforts because they combine the advantages of a conventional flame retardant polymer with that of polymer nanocomposite. However the properties obtained depend on the dispersion of the nanoparticles. In this study, three types of polymer flame retarded nanocomposites based on different matrices (polypropylene (PP), polybutadiene terephtalate (PBT) and polyamide 6 (PA6)) have been prepared by extrusion. In order to investigate the dispersion of nanoparticles in the polymer containing flame retardant, conventional methods used to characterise the morphology of composites have been applied to FR composites containing nanoclays. XRD, TEM and melt rheology give useful information to describe the dispersion of the nanofiller in the flame retarded nanocomposite. In the PA6-OP1311 (phosphorus based flame retardant) materials, the clay is well dispersed unlike in PBT and PP materials where microcomposites are obtained with some intercalation. The poor dispersion is also highlighted by NMR measurements but the presence of flame retardant particles interferes in the quantitative evaluation of nanoclay dispersion and underestimations are made.
|Titolo:||Characterisation of the dispersion in polymer flame retarded nanocomposites|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2008.03.018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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