Polyurethane (PUR) and polyurethane/poly(d, l-lactide) acid (PUR/PDLLA) based scaffolds coated with Bioglass® particles for application in bone tissue engineering were fabricated. The slurry-dipping method was used for coating preparation. The homogeneous structure of the Bioglass® coatings on the surface of the PUR and PUR/PDLLA foams indicated a good adhesion of the bioactive glass particles to polyurethane without any additional surface treatment. In vitro studies in simulated body fluid (SBF) were performed to study the influence of Bioglass® coating on biodegrability and bioactivity of PUR-based scaffolds. The surface of Bioglass®-coated samples was covered by a layer of carbonate-containing apatite after 7 days of immersion in SBF, while in uncoated polymer samples apatite crystals were not detected even after 21 days of immersion in SBF. The apatite layer was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDS analysis and attenuated total reflectance–Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR–ATR). Weight loss measurements showed that the in vitro degradation rate of the composite scaffolds in SBF was higher in comparison to uncoated polyurethane samples. PUR and PUR/PDLLA foams with Bioglass® coating have potential to be used as bioactive, biodegradable scaffolds in bone tissue engineering.
|Titolo:||Bioactivity of polyurethane-based scaffolds coated with Bioglass®|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1748-6041/2/2/006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|