Gas Turbine Technologies (GTT) and Politecnico di Torino, both located in Torino (Italy), have been involved in the design and installation of a SOFC laboratory in order to analyse the operation, in cogenerative configuration, of the CHP 100kWe SOFC Field Unit, built by Siemens-Westinghouse Power Corporation (SWPC), which is at present (May 2005) starting its operation and which will supply electric and thermal power to the GTT factory. In order to take the better advantage from the analysis of the on-site operation, and especially to correctly design the scheduled experimental tests on the system, we developed a mathematical model and run a simulated experimental campaign, applying a rigorous statistical approach to the analysis of the results. The aim of thiswork is the computer experimental analysis, through a statistical methodology (2k factorial experiments), of the CHP 100 performance. First, the mathematical model has been calibrated with the results acquired during the first CHP100 demonstration at EDB/ELSAM inWesterwoort. After, the simulated tests have been performed in the form of computer experimental session, and the measurement uncertainties have been simulated with perturbation imposed to the model independent variables. The statistical methodology used for the computer experimental analysis is the factorial design (Yates’ Technique): using the ANOVA technique the effect of the main independent variables (air utilization factor Uox, fuel utilization factor UF, internal fuel and air preheating and anodic recycling flow rate) has been investigated in a rigorous manner. Analysis accounts for the effects of parameters on stack electric power, thermal recovered power, single cell voltage, cell operative temperature, consumed fuel flow and steam to carbon ratio. Each main effect and interaction effect of parameters is shown with particular attention on generated electric power and stack heat recovered.
Computer experimental analysis of the CHP performance of a 100 kW(e) SOFC Field Unit by a factorial design / Cali' Quaglia, Michele; Santarelli, Massimo; Leone, Pierluigi. - In: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES. - ISSN 0378-7753. - STAMPA. - 156:2(2006), pp. 400-413. [10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.06.033]
|Titolo:||Computer experimental analysis of the CHP performance of a 100 kW(e) SOFC Field Unit by a factorial design|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.06.033|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|