The tubular SOFC generator CHP-100, built by Siemens Power Generation (SPG) Stationary Fuel Cells (SFC), is running at the Gas Turbine Technologies (GTT) in Torino (Italy), in the framework of the EOS Project. The nominal load of the generator ensures a produced electric power of around 105kWe ac and around 60kWt of thermal power at 250 ◦C to be used for the custom tailored HVAC system. Several experimental sessions have been scheduled on the generator; the aim is to characterize the operation through the analysis of some global performance index and the detailed control of the operation of the different bundles of the whole stack. All the scheduled tests have been performed by applying the methodology of design of experiment; the main obtained results show the effect of the change of the analysed operating factors in terms of distribution of voltage and temperature over the stack. Fuel consumption tests give information about the sensitivity of the voltage and temperature distribution along the single bundles. On the other hand, since the generator is an air cooled system, the results of the tests on the air stoichs have been used to analyze the generator thermal management (temperature distribution and profiles) and its effect on the polarization. The sensitivity analysis of the local voltage to the overall fuel consumption modifications can be used as a powerful procedure to deduce the local distribution of fuel utilization (FU) along the single bundles: in fact, through a model obtained by deriving the polarization curve respect to FU, it is possible to link the distribution of voltage sensitivities to FC to the distribution of the local FU. The FU distribution will be shown as non-uniform, and this affects the local voltage and temperatures, causing a high warming effect in some rows of the generator. Therefore, a discussion around the effectiveness of the thermal regulation made by the air stoichs, in order to reduce the non-uniform distribution of temperature and the overheating (increasing therefore the voltage behavior along the generator) has been performed. It is demonstrated that the utilization of one air plenum is not effective in the thermal regulation of the whole generator, in particular in the reduction of the temperature gradients linked to the non-uniform fuel distribution.
Experimental evaluation of the sensitivity to fuel utilization and air management on a 100 kW SOFC system / SANTARELLI M.; LEONE P; CALI' QUAGLIA M.; ORSELLO G. - In: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES. - ISSN 0378-7753. - 171:1(2007), pp. 155-168. [10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.12.032]
|Titolo:||Experimental evaluation of the sensitivity to fuel utilization and air management on a 100 kW SOFC system|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.12.032|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|