The possibility of clearance of vanadium–chromium–titanium (V–Cr–Ti) alloys is analysed. These alloys after their service in fusion power plants, have the potential to reach clearance if they are purified from activation products. The extraction part of the technological scheme for radiochemical separation of components of irradiated V–Cr–Ti alloy and their purification from metallic activation products, developed earlier, was tested for the first time in laboratory conditions using activated alloy specimens. The replacement of the acid reextraction of V with peroxide and of acid reextraction of Cr with alkaline improved characteristics of the extraction reprocessing. Duration of the V and Cr reextraction was shortened by about an order of magnitude, the output of these alloy components was increased, V purification from rare-earth metals became two times as great, and Cr decontamination from Co increased by two orders of magnitude. Activation of Be contaminated with trace quantities of uranium is an issue: estimation of Be activation in the blanket of the Power Plant Conceptual Study (PPCS) has suggested that traces of U impurity in Be should be removed – or substantially reduced – prior to use.

Activation and clearance of Vanadium Alloys and Beryllium Multipliers in Fusion Reactors / S. A., Bartenev; Ciampichetti, Andrea; N. G., Firsin; R., Forrest; B. N., Kolbasov; P. V., Romanov; V. N., Romanovskij; Zucchetti, Massimo. - In: FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN. - ISSN 0920-3796. - STAMPA. - 82:15-24(2007), pp. 2885-2890. [10.1016/j.fusengdes.2007.03.010]

Activation and clearance of Vanadium Alloys and Beryllium Multipliers in Fusion Reactors

CIAMPICHETTI, ANDREA;ZUCCHETTI, MASSIMO
2007

Abstract

The possibility of clearance of vanadium–chromium–titanium (V–Cr–Ti) alloys is analysed. These alloys after their service in fusion power plants, have the potential to reach clearance if they are purified from activation products. The extraction part of the technological scheme for radiochemical separation of components of irradiated V–Cr–Ti alloy and their purification from metallic activation products, developed earlier, was tested for the first time in laboratory conditions using activated alloy specimens. The replacement of the acid reextraction of V with peroxide and of acid reextraction of Cr with alkaline improved characteristics of the extraction reprocessing. Duration of the V and Cr reextraction was shortened by about an order of magnitude, the output of these alloy components was increased, V purification from rare-earth metals became two times as great, and Cr decontamination from Co increased by two orders of magnitude. Activation of Be contaminated with trace quantities of uranium is an issue: estimation of Be activation in the blanket of the Power Plant Conceptual Study (PPCS) has suggested that traces of U impurity in Be should be removed – or substantially reduced – prior to use.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/1645812
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