Environmental constraints and high costs, especially offshore, are making conventional well testing less and less feasible and accepted by the public Administration. New options were thoroughly evaluated to find a viable alternative to standard production tests for characterizing the well productivity without surface production. An accurate investigation demonstrated that injection tests could provide all the information needed to calculate the well productivity at reasonably low costs and with a good degree of reliability. Based on the results of laboratory and field pilot tests it was proved that injectivity tests could be successfully applied to a real sour oil field. Laboratory tests proved that brine could be a suitable injection fluid because there were no compatibility problems with the oil and the reservoir rock. It was verified that the interpretation of the pressure transients should be referred to the fall-off period rather than to the injection phase. The formation permeability thickness product (kh) could be correctly identified from the pressure derivative analysis only if multiphase-flow was assumed. The total skin value could also be obtained from the test interpretation. The total skin comprises two components, a mechanical component due to permeability damage, and a bi-phase component due to fluid interaction in the reservoir. Except for a limited number of cases, the bi-phase skin can only be evaluated with numerical well testing, provided that the fluid relative permeability curves are available. It was also demonstrated that the bi-phase component mainly depends on the injection rate, but is independent from the formation permeability. Then, the well-known transient equation was applied to determine the well productivity index (PI) based on the kh and the mechanical skin. PI values calculated from injection tests compared satisfactorily with PI values measured from 6 DST tests performed on appraisal wells.
Value of Injection Testing as an Alternative to Conventional Well Testing: Field Experience in a Sour Oil Reservoir / BERETTA E; TIANI A; LO PRESTI G; VERGA F.. - In: SPE RESERVOIR EVALUATION & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1094-6470. - STAMPA. - 10:2(2007), pp. 112-121. [10.2118/100283-PA]
|Titolo:||Value of Injection Testing as an Alternative to Conventional Well Testing: Field Experience in a Sour Oil Reservoir.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/100283-PA|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|