An extension of the celebrated Paris law for crack propagation is given to take into account some of the deviations from the power-law regime in a simple manner using the Wohler SN curve of the material, suggesting a more general "unified law". In particular, using recent proposals by the first author, the stress intensity factor K(a) is replaced with a suitable mean over a material/structural parameter length scale Delta a, the "fracture quantum". In practice, for a Griffith crack, this is seen to correspond to increasing the effective crack length of Delta a, similarly to the Dugdale strip-yield models. However, instead of including explicitly information on cyclic plastic yield, short-crack behavior, crack closure, and all other detailed information needed to eventually explain the SN curve of the material, we include directly the SN curve constants as material property. The idea comes as a natural extension of the recent successful proposals by the first author to the static failure and to the infinite life envelopes. Here, we suggest a dependence of this fracture "quantum" on the applied stress range level such that the correct convergence towards the Wohler-like regime is obtained. Hence, the final law includes both Wohler's and Paris' material constants, and can be seen as either a generalized Wohler's SN curve law in the presence of a crack or a generalized Paris' law for cracks of any size.
|Titolo:||A generalized Paris' law for fatigue crack growth.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jmps.2006.01.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|