Safety and Environmental Assessment of Fusion Power (SEAFP) waste management studies performed up to 1998 concerned three power tokamak designs. In-vessel structural materials consist of V-alloys or low activation martensitic (LAM) steel; tritium-producing materials are Li2O, Pb–17Li, Li4SiO4 with a Be-multiplier; coolants are helium or water. The strategy chosen reduces permanent radwaste by recycling the in-vessel materials and by clearance of the other structures. Limits of the contact dose rate and specific activity of the waste allowing such options are defined accordingly. SEAFP activities for 1999 enlarge the analysis to three additional reactors with in-vessel structures made with SiC/SiC composites. These materials cannot be recycled due to their form and, according to national regulations of E.C. countries, long-lived activation products hinder near-surface burial (NSB).
|Titolo:||Waste Management for Different Fusion Reactor Designs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0022-3115(00)00127-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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