The present investigation was undertaken to analyze the effects of isothermal ageing treatments, carried out between 700 and 900 C for a variety of times up to two weeks and followed by water quenching, on the microstructure and on the localized corrosion resistance of a superduplex stainless steel, SAF 2507. The quantitative metallography coupled with X-ray diffraction techniques was adopted to follow the microstructural evolution, together with SEM microscopy. Electrochemical potentiodynamic tests, as cyclic polarization curves recorded in sodium chloride solutions, together with weight loss measurements were employed to evaluate the susceptibility of the aged specimens to pitting corrosion. The influence of the transformation of ferrite into secondary austenite and sigma phase and of other microstructural variations, as chromium nitrides precipitation, on the stability of the passive film is shown. The susceptibility of the aged alloy to pitting corrosion phenomena, is related to sigma phase precipitation in association to the secondary austenite formation, which lead to a noticeable Cr depletion at grain boundaries.
|Titolo:||Microstructural evolution and localized corrosion resistance of an aged superduplex stainless steel|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.corsci.2003.09.024|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|