In this paper the Ni–Zr system has been considered with the aim of investigating the role of composition and structure of an early–late transition metals system on the electrocatalytic activity, for the hydrogen evolution reaction. As a matter of fact, pure Ni and Zr show low activity, while their intermetallic compounds generate a higher catalytic efficiency. Five alloys, with increasing Ni content starting from Ni33Zr67 up to Ni75Zr25, have been prepared and characterized. The alloy of composition (Ni0.55Mn0.30V0.10Co0.05)2.1Zr has also been considered, in order to investigate the catalytic efficiency related to a Laves structure. The thickness and composition of the surface oxides have been investigated and their effect on reducing the catalytic efficiency of the as-prepared alloys has been discussed. The activity of the samples submitted to a surface activation treatment with hydrofluoric acid, that removes the oxide layer and allows to evidence the properties of the compounds, has been observed to increase significantly. The trend of the electrocatalytic efficiency with the composition of the alloys is discussed considering a synergetic effect between Ni and Zr. The Laves phase appears slightly more active than the binary intermetallic compound.
|Titolo:||Surface and electrochemical characterization of Ni–Zr intermetallic compounds|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0966-9795(99)00105-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|