Lonberg and Meyer [Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 718 (1985)] have recently discovered in polymer nematics the existence of a critical value rc=0.303 for the ratio r=K2/K1 between the twist and splay Frank elastic constants, below which a periodic splay-twist distortion is energetically favored with respect to the well-known aperiodic splay distortion which appears in a Fréedericksz transition. In this paper the effect of weak-anchoring conditions on the critical r value and on the other parameters of interest is theoretically investigated. Analytical expressions between these parameters are given. It is shown that the periodic transition is not allowed in the range 0.5<r<2. Outside this range either the periodic or aperiodic transition appears, according to the surface treatment, the sample thickness, and the direction of the magnetic field. Hence the critical value of r can be controlled in a wide range.
|Titolo:||Periodic Fréedericksz transition for nematic-liquid-crystal cells with weak anchoring|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1986|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevA.34.4348|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|