We propose a scheme for investigating the quantum dynamics of interacting electron models by means of a time-dependent variational principle and spin coherent states of space lattice operators. We apply such a scheme to the one-dimensional Hubbard model, and solve the resulting equations in different regimes. In particular, we find that at low densities the dynamics is mapped into two coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations, whereas near half-filling the model is described by two coupled Josephson-junction arrays. Focusing then to the case in which only the phases of the spin variables are dynamically active, we examine a number of different solutions corresponding to the excitations of few macroscopic modes. Based on fixed-point equations of the simpler among them, we show that the standard one-band ground-state phase space is found.
|Titolo:||Spin picture of the one-dimensional Hubbard model: Two-fluid structure and phase dynamics|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.60.12069|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|