Catalytic traps for diesel particulate removal are multifunctional reactors coupling filtration and catalytic combustion of soot. This paper reviews the most recent developments carried out at Politecnico di Torino concerning two different trap types: zirconia-toughened-alumina foams catalysed with Cs-V catalysts, operating according to a deep filtration mechanism, and cordierite or SiC wall-flow filters catalysed with perovskite catalysts (e.g. LaCr 0.9O3), enabling shallow-bed filtration. The preparation and characterisation of these two trap types are described and the performance of the traps (filtration efficiency, pressure drops, etc.) evaluated on a diesel engine bench under various operating conditions. A final critical assessment points out that most chances of practical application in mobile sources lie in wall-flow type traps for their superior filtration efficiency (greater than 95%) and their compatibility with active trap regeneration means (e.g. fuel post-injection) that can occasionally rise on purpose the exhaust gas temperature to accelerate the catalytic combustion of trapped soot. Conversely, completely passive solutions based on deep filtration catalytic traps show only promise for stationary applications at temperatures higher than 350°C, due to insufficient catalyst activity at lower temperatures.
|Titolo:||Innovative means for the catalytic regeneration of particulate traps for diesel exhaust cleaning|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S009-2509(02)00633-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|