In this paper, we address the problem of energy efficiency in wireless ad hoc networks. We consider an ad hoc network comprising a set of sources, communicating with their destinations using multiple routes. Each source is associated with a utility function which increases with the total traffic flowing over the available source-destination routes. The network lifetime is defined as the time until the first node in the network runs out of energy. We formulate the problem as one of maximizing the sum of the source utilities subject to a required constraint on the network lifetime. We present a primal formulation of the problem, which uses penalty functions to take into account the system constraints, and we introduce a new methodology for solving the problem. The proposed approach leads to a flow control algorithm, which provides the optimal source rates and can be easily implemented in a distributed manner. When compared with the minimum transmission energy routing scheme, the proposed algorithm gives significantly higher source rates for the same network lifetime guarantee.
|Titolo:||Optimal Rate Allocation for Energy-Efficient Multipath Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TWC.2004.826343|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|