Experimental tests on crack propagation in concrete under constant post-peak loading are simulated using the finite element method and the cohesive crack model, in both Mode I and Mixed-mode conditions. The time-dependent behaviour of concrete in the process zone is due to the interaction and growth of microcracks, a phenomenon which, for high constant load levels, turns out to be predominant over linear viscoelastic creep in the bulk material. In mechanical systems based on this type of material behaviour (creep and strain-softening taking place simultaneously), the initial value problem is non-parabolic, i.e., the error at one time level is affected by the accumulation of errors introduced at earlier time levels. Despite these difficulties, the scatter in numerical failure lifetime vs. load level turns out to be negligible in Mode I conditions and practically acceptable in Mixed-mode conditions. Therefore the time-dependent behaviour of the process zone can be inferred solely from the results of direct tensile tests.
|Titolo:||Lifetime evaluation of concrete structures under sustained post-peak loading|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.engfracmech.2005.03.010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|